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European White Birch

Betula pendula

SKU
01230
A wonderful landscape tree with flaky white bark and terrific fall color. The graceful, arching, open-branched pyramidal form when young matures to a stately oval to rounded form in time. Toothy, diamond-shaped foliage emerges glossy green in spring. Distinctive peeling bark provides an interesting landscape element, especially in winter. Deciduous.
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2-7

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Full sun

Water regularly to maintain evenly moist soil - weekly, or more often.

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Botanical PronunciationBET-ew-luh PEN-dew-luh
Average Size at MaturityFast growing; reaches 30 to 35 ft. or taller, 15 to 20 ft. wide.
Bloom TimeProduces small light brown catkins in spring.
Deciduous/ EvergreenDeciduous
Flower ColorYellow
Foliage ColorGreen
Garden StyleAsian/Zen, Cottage, Rustic
Growth HabitPyramidal
Growth RateFast
Landscape UseFirescaping/Firewise, Mass Planting, Privacy Screen, Specimen, Very Wet Areas, Windbreak, Woodland Garden
Light NeedsFull sun
Soil NeedsTree & Shrub Food
Special FeatureAttractive Bark, Extreme Cold Hardiness, Fall Color, Tolerates Poor Soils, Tolerates Wet Soils, Year-round Interest, Fast Growing, Bird Friendly
Water NeedsModerate
Watering NeedsWater regularly to maintain evenly moist soil - weekly, or more often.
Companion PlantsChokeberry (Aronia); Hydrangea (Hydrangea); Sweet Flag (Acorus); Sweetspire (Itea); Elderberry (Sambucus); Japanese Spurge (Pachysandra)

Thrives in deep, loamy, moist but well-drained soil amended with sand or gravel. Water deeply, regularly in first few growing seasons to establish an extensive root system. Once established tolerates periodic dry spells but prefers rich, fertile, evenly moist soils. Fertilize before new growth begins in spring.

This Plant's Growing Zones: 2-7

Your USDA Cold Hardiness Zone:

Your climate may be too cold for this plant