• Overview
    Light Needs:
    Full sun
    Watering Needs:
    Water regularly - weekly, or more often in extreme heat or containers.
    Average Landscape Size:
    Slow growing; reaches 6 ft. tall and wide, in natural form.
    Key Feature:
    Easy Care Plant
    Conifer; prized for foliage.
  • Detail
    Botanical Pronunciation:PY-nus sil-VES-tris
    Plant type:Conifer
    Sunset climate zones:1 - 9, 14 - 21
    Growth habit:Compact, Rounded
    Growth rate:Slow
    Average landscape size:Slow growing; reaches 6 ft. tall and wide, in natural form.
    Foliage color:Blue-green
    Blooms:Conifer; prized for foliage.
    Design IdeasThis is an excellent small Pine for use in spatially challenged landscapes or where windy conditions take their toll on taller species. Multiple trunks and irregular growth make this an ideal coastal Pine. Great for view lots where trees won't block the vista. Makes a fine specimen in the Asian garden and in Mediterranean schemes, woodland and Northern-style country gardens. The attractive bark is a welcome source of color in low-maintenance courtyards and those filled with dryland plants. Particularly good choice with landscape boulders and dry streambeds.
    Companion PlantsSwitch Grass (Panicum); False Cypress (Chamaecyparis); Black-Eyed Susan (Rudbeckia); Russian Sage (Perovskia); Coneflower (Echinacea)
  • Care
    Care Information
    Provide enriched, loamy, well-drained soil. Water deeply and regularly during the first growing season to establish an extensive root system; once established, reduce frequency. Feed with a general purpose fertilizer before new growth begins in spring. Prune as needed to maintain topiary size and shape.Pruning time: spring.
    Light Needs:
    Light needs: Full Sun
    Full sun
    Watering Needs:
    Water needs: Moderate
    Water regularly - weekly, or more often in extreme heat or containers.
  • History & Lore
    This is a small stature cultivar that grows to just 6 feet tall, which was derived from a species that can attain a height of 100 feet or more. This forest pine is native to the very cold northern regions over a large range from Siberia west across Europe to Scotland where it received its Anglo-centric common name. These trees are highly adapted to very damp, cold and acidic soil and for that reason have proven useful in problem winter climates. It was classified by Linnaeus in the 18th century, who named both its genus and species. Trees were first introduced into North America in colonial times. This variety is more of a shrub and valued for its size, hardiness and color.