Betula nigraItem #1242 USDA Hardiness Zone: 4 - 9
Attractive buff-colored peeling bark is a wonderful backdrop for yellow fall color. An impressive specimen commonly grown as a clump of several trunks. Thrives in moist areas. Considered to be more resistant to borers than the European white birch, and one of the most adaptable and heat tolerant of the birches. Deciduous.
- OverviewLight Needs:Full sunWatering Needs:Water regularly to maintain wet or evenly moist soil - weekly or more.Average Landscape Size:Quickly reaches 40 to 60 ft. tall and wide; 70 ft. tall in ideal conditions.
- DetailBotanical Pronunciation:BET-ew-la NI-graPlant type:TreeDeciduous/evergreen:DeciduousGrowth rate:FastAverage landscape size:Quickly reaches 40 to 60 ft. tall and wide; 70 ft. tall in ideal conditions.Special features:Attractive Bark, Bird Friendly, Fall Color, Fast Growing, North American Native Selection, Tolerates Road Salt, Year-round InterestFoliage color:GreenBlooms:Inconspicuous; prized for foliage.Flower color:YellowGarden styleRusticDesign IdeasExcellent tree for very large homesites, parks and open space. A problem solver for low lying sites to wet for many other species. Important component of the wetland wild garden and for re-vegetating disturbed sites along river banks that benefit from extensive root stabilization of eroding banks..Companion PlantsClethra (Clethra); Red-Twig Dogwood (Cornus); Sweet Flag (Acorus); Dappled Willow (Salix integra); Water Iris (Iris ensata); Japanese Spurge (Pachysandra)
- CareCare InformationThrives in deep, loamy, moist but well-drained soil amended with sand or gravel, but highly adaptable. Water deeply, regularly in first few growing seasons to establish root system; once established tolerates mild drought, but reaches maximum growth in rich, fertile, evenly moist soils. Fertilize in early spring. Seldom requires pruning.Pruning time: winter.Light Needs:Full sunWatering Needs:Water regularly to maintain wet or evenly moist soil - weekly or more.
- History & LoreHistory:Named for its habitat along the streams and rivers of eastern North America. Its range extends from Mass. to Florida, and Minnesota to Kansas. It was introduced to Britain by Peter Collinson who received seed or cuttings from John Bartram in the early 18th century.Lore:Infusions of the inner bark of river birch was used to treat a variety of ailments by many Native American tribes within its range.