• Overview
    Light Needs:
    Full sun
    Watering Needs:
    Water regularly to maintain evenly moist soil - weekly, or more often.
    Average Landscape Size:
    Quickly reaches 12 to 24 in tall, 12 to 15 in wide.
    Key Feature:
    Flavorful, Aromatic Foliage
    Prized for foliage.
  • Detail
    Botanical Pronunciation:OSS-ih-mum bass-IL-ee-kum
    Plant type:Annual, Perennial
    Growth rate:Fast
    Average landscape size:Quickly reaches 12 to 24 in tall, 12 to 15 in wide.
    Foliage color:Green
    Blooms:Prized for foliage.
    Flower color:White
    Flower attributesShowy Flowers
    Garden styleCottage, Mediterranean
    Companion PlantsSweet Bay (Laurus); Lavender (Lavandula); Rosemary (Rosmarinus); Olea (Olive); Pomegranate (Punica)
  • Care
    Care Information
    Provide average, organically rich, moist, well-drained soil. Apply a slow-release fertilizer in spring. Harvest leaves when young for best flavor. Pinch off newest set of leaves on stem ends regularly to encourage dense new growth and prevent flowering. In cooler regions, can be enjoyed outdoors in summer; move indoors before the threat of frost.
    Light Needs:
    Light needs: Full Sun
    Full sun
    Watering Needs:
    Water needs: Moderate
    Water regularly to maintain evenly moist soil - weekly, or more often.
  • History & Lore
    Ocimum, a genus of highly aromatic plants, is rooted in the Greek word ozo, which means "to smell". The French often refer to basil as "Herbe Royale", intimating its highly-regarded role in French cuisine. It has been theorized that the species name was derived from the Greek word basileus, meaning king. Oft referred to as "the king of herbs", basil's affiliation with the crown may be in part due to its historical use in regal medicine; among its multiple uses, it was considered a cure for venomous bites. Greeks and Romans believed the most potent basil could be grown only if one sowed the seed while ranting and swearing, as evidenced in the French expression "semer le basilica" (sowing basil) which means "to rant". In modern day Greece, basil remains a symbol of fertility in some religious rituals. Throughout the world, it is used as a savory culinary herb, and is the base of traditional Italian pesto sauce. It can also be found in perfumes, soaps and liqueurs.


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