Alert: Limited Online Availability

Now that summer is here, we must limit our stock of plants available for online purchase. Please visit your local garden center or consider pre-ordering for 2023, available later this year.

Pyramidal European Hornbeam

Carpinus betulus 'Fastigiata'

An attractive, densely branched, columnar tree when young, aging into a stately, broad cone shape with handsome, fluted, gray bark. Distinctive, dark green foliage turns yellow-orange in fall. Plant in groups as a screen or windbreak, or use as a specimen in a narrow yard or street side. Takes well to hard pruning as a formal hedge. Deciduous.
There are very few rules in gardening, but perhaps the most important one is to work within your zone. Choosing plants that grow and thrive in your particular climate is the very first step toward having a beautiful garden . Learn More

Your climate might be too cold for this plant:


Full sun

Water when top 3 inches of soil is dry.


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Botanical Pronunciationkar-PY-nus BET-ew-lus fas-tih-jee-AY-tuh
LoreHornbeam is a favorite tree for the art of pleaching, which is a form of topiary on a monstrous scale. This species withstands frequent shearing and is often planted into allees in Britain.
Average Size at MaturityModerate growing; reaches 35 to 45 ft. tall, 25 to 35 ft. wide.
Bloom TimeInconspicuous; prized for foliage.
Design IdeasWell-proven tree for boulevards, parks and institutional landscapes. Nice shade tree for narrow suburban yards and for visually dividing closely placed multistory homes. The favorite form for alleys and pleached effects in the European style. In a windrow, hornbeam makes a fine large scale visual screen or windbreak.
Deciduous/ EvergreenDeciduous
Flower ColorYellow
Foliage ColorDark Green
Garden StyleContemporary, Cottage
Growth HabitPyramidal
Growth RateModerate
Landscape UseEspalier, Hedge, Mass Planting, Privacy Screen, Specimen, Windbreak, Woodland Garden, Shade Tree, Urban Garden
Light NeedsFull sun
Soil NeedsTree & Shrub Food
Special FeatureEasy Care, Extreme Cold Hardiness, Fall Color, Tolerates Acidic Soil, Year-round Interest, Tolerates Urban Pollution
Water NeedsModerate
Watering NeedsWater when top 3 inches of soil is dry.
Companion PlantsPine (Pinus); Red Maple (Acer Rubrum); Maidenhair (Ginkgo); Spruce (Picea); Harry Lauder's Walking Stick (Corylus avellana 'Contorta'); Purple European Beech (Fagus)

Provide deep, well-drained soil. Water deeply, regularly during the first few growing seasons to establish an extensive root system; once established, reduce frequency. Apply a general purpose fertilizer in early spring. Minimal pruning required in natural form; as a hedge, prune in winter while dormant.

This Plant's Growing Zones: 4-8

USDA Cold Hardiness Zone Map

Your USDA Cold Hardiness Zone:

Your climate may be too cold for this plant