European White Birch

Betula pendula

Graceful, open-branched pyramidal form tree. Distinctive flaky white bark makes interesting landscape show. A wonderful yard tree that has terrific yellow fall color. Deciduous. Full sun. Fast grower 30 to 35 feet or taller, 15 to 20 feet and wide. Seed grown.
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2 - 7

Your climate might be too cold for this plant:


Full sun

Water regularly to maintain evenly moist soil - weekly, or more often.

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Botanical PronunciationBET-ew-luh PEN-dew-luh
Average Size at MaturityFast growing; reaches 30 to 35 ft. or taller, 15 to 20 ft. wide.
Bloom TimeProduces small light brown catkins in spring.
Deciduous/ EvergreenDeciduous
Flower ColorYellow
Foliage ColorGreen
Garden StyleAsian/Zen, Cottage, Rustic
Growth HabitPyramidal
Growth RateFast
Landscape UseFirescaping/Fire Wise, Mass Planting, Privacy Screen, Specimen, Very Wet Areas, Windbreak, Woodland Garden
Light NeedsFull sun
Soil NeedsTree & Shrub Food
Special FeatureAttractive Bark, Extreme Cold Hardiness, Fall Color, Tolerates Poor Soils, Tolerates Wet Soils, Year-round Interest, Fast Growing, Bird Friendly
Water NeedsModerate
Watering NeedsWater regularly to maintain evenly moist soil - weekly, or more often.
Key FeatureAttractive White Bark

Thrives in deep, loamy, moist but well-drained soil amended with sand or gravel. Water deeply, regularly in first few growing seasons to establish an extensive root system. Once established tolerates periodic dry spells but prefers rich, fertile, evenly moist soils. Fertilize before new growth begins in spring.

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This Plant's Growing Zones: 2 - 7

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