Two-Needle Pinyon Pine

Pinus edulis

Drought tolerant and exceptionally hardy, this adaptable North American native is slow growing with a broad, rounded crown. New growth emerges blue-green, then turns a yellowish green. Cones are produced in clusters on very mature trees. Female cones produce edible pine nuts. A picturesque specimen for the rock garden, hillsides, or berms. Evergreen.
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Full sun

Water twice monthly; less once well established, more in extreme heat.


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Botanical PronunciationPY-nus ED-yew-liss
LorePinon seeds are an important wildlife food for several songbirds, quails, squirrels, chipmunks, black bears, and mule deer. Pinus edulis had several uses in American Indian life. Needles were steeped for tea. The inner bark was used to stave off starvation. Seed cones are produced on older trees and take 2 years to mature. The seeds were a staple in American Indian diets and were eaten raw, roasted, or ground into flour. Seed production is erratic, dependent on weather and rainfall; Indian migrations were influenced by location of various seed crops. Pinon pine seeds are useful in making candies, cakes, and cookies.
Average Size at MaturitySlow growing; reaches 10 to 20 ft. tall and wide in 10 years.
Bloom TimeConifer; prized for foliage, cones, and seeds.
Deciduous/ EvergreenEvergreen
Flower ColorRed & Yellow
Foliage ColorGreen
Garden StyleRustic
Growth HabitPyramidal
Growth RateSlow
Landscape UseErosion Control, Mass Planting, Rock Garden, Specimen, Hillside, Wildlife Garden
Light NeedsFull sun
Special FeatureEasy Care, Edible, North American Native Selection, Tolerates Acidic Soil, Tolerates Alkaline Soil, Tolerates Poor Soils, Waterwise, Bird Friendly
Water NeedsModerate
Watering NeedsWater twice monthly; less once well established, more in extreme heat.
Companion PlantsMaiden Grass (Miscanthus); Beardtongue (Penstemon); Bluebeard (Caryopteris); Russian Sage (Perovskia); Tickseed (Coreopsis)

Prefers well-drained, sandy to loamy, neutral to lightly acidic soils but adaptable to nutritionally poor, rocky soils and varied moisture and temperature conditions; avoid heavy irrigation and soggy soils or prolonged drought. Water deeply, regularly in first few growing seasons to establish root system. Seldom requires pruning or fertilization.

This Plant's Growing Zones: 5-8

Your USDA Cold Hardiness Zone:

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