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Two-Needle Pinyon Pine

Pinus edulis

Pronunciation: PY-nus ED-yew-liss
SKU #02771
5-8

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OVERVIEW
Description Drought tolerant and exceptionally hardy, this adaptable North American native is slow growing with a broad, rounded crown. New growth emerges blue-green, then turns a yellowish green. Cones are produced in clusters on very mature trees. Female cones produce edible pine nuts. A picturesque specimen for the rock garden, hillsides, or berms. Evergreen.
Light Full sun
Watering Water when top 2 inches of soil is dry.
Blooms Conifer; prized for foliage.
Mature Size Slow growing; reaches 10 to 20 ft. tall and wide in 10 years.
DETAILS
Deciduous/Evergreen Evergreen
Special Features Easy Care, North American Native Selection, Waterwise, Edible, Benefits Birds
Growth Rate Slow
STYLE
Landscape Use Hillside
Flower Color Red & Yellow
Foliage Color Green
Companion Plants Maiden Grass (Miscanthus); Beardtongue (Penstemon); Bluebeard (Caryopteris); Russian Sage (Perovskia); Tickseed (Coreopsis)
CARE
Care Prefers well-drained, sandy to loamy, neutral to lightly acidic soils but adaptable to nutritionally poor, rocky soils and varied moisture and temperature conditions; avoid heavy irrigation and soggy soils or prolonged drought. Water deeply, regularly in first few growing seasons to establish root system. Seldom requires pruning or fertilization.
HISTORY
Lore Pinon seeds are an important wildlife food for several songbirds, quails, squirrels, chipmunks, black bears, and mule deer. Pinus edulis had several uses in American Indian life. Needles were steeped for tea. The inner bark was used to stave off starvation. Seed cones are produced on older trees and take 2 years to mature. The seeds were a staple in American Indian diets and were eaten raw, roasted, or ground into flour. Seed production is erratic, dependent on weather and rainfall; Indian migrations were influenced by location of various seed crops. Pinon pine seeds are useful in making candies, cakes, and cookies.

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