White Fringe Tree

Chionanthus virginicus

Prized large shrub or small tree with upright branches forming dome shape. Soft green leaves back magnificent clusters of fringe-like blooms. A terrific accent for the landscape. Deciduous.
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Your climate might be too cold for this plant:


Full sun

Needs regular watering - weekly, or more often in extreme heat.


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Botanical Pronunciationki-o-NAN-thus vir-JIN-i-kus
LoreIn its home range this shrub is known as Grancy Graybeard due to its unique foliage and flowers. It's classified in the Oleaceae family.
Average Size at MaturitySlow growing to 20 to 25 ft. high, 25 ft. wide.
Bloom TimeSpring
Design IdeasFringe tree is a beautiful accent for foundation planting. Particularly beautiful against red brick or dark timber homes. May be used as a background shrub for beds and borders. Add to native and wild gardens for habitat and seasonal interest. A striking accent in any garden setting.
Deciduous/ EvergreenDeciduous
Flower AttributeFragrant, Showy Flowers
Flower ColorWhite
Foliage ColorGreen
Garden StyleCottage, Rustic
Growth HabitSpreading
Growth RateSlow
Landscape UseBorder, Firescaping/Firewise, Water Garden, Woodland Garden, Wildlife Garden, Urban Garden
Light NeedsFull sun
Soil NeedsTree & Shrub Food
Special FeatureEasy Care, Extreme Cold Hardiness, Fall Color, Naturalizes Well, North American Native Selection, Ornamental Berries, Tolerates Acidic Soil, Bird Friendly
Water NeedsModerate
Watering NeedsNeeds regular watering - weekly, or more often in extreme heat.
Companion PlantsGrow fringe tree with other spectacular southeastern natives such as Yellow Trumpet Vine, (Campsis radicans 'Flava'), Hummingbird Summersweet, (Clethera alnifolia 'Hummingbird'), Glowlight Louisiana Iris, (Iris louisiana 'Glowlight') and Belle Etoile Mock Orange, (Philadelphus x lemoinei 'Belle Etoile').

Follow a regular watering schedule during the first growing season to establish a deep, extensive root system. Watering may be reduced once established, but avoid prolonged drought. Feed with a general purpose fertilizer before new growth begins in spring.

This Plant's Growing Zones: 4-9

USDA Cold Hardiness Zone Map

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Your climate may be too cold for this plant