Like the plants you carefully chose for your garden, indoor plants have varying needs to thrive. Before choosing plants for your home, look at the plant and care details on their label or webpage, and choose your plants accordingly.
Read the plant care details of your new houseplant and be sure to place it where it will get the amount of light it needs to thrive. Keep plants that need more light in your well-lit rooms, and plants that are happy in low light in your darker corners and spaces further away from windows. The good news is that you can move your plants around until you find their perfect spot, so there's no need to stress (plants are meant to be a source of relaxation, after all).
Generally, the watering issue that indoor plant owners run into is overwatering their houseplants rather than underwatering them. Use well-draining soil when re-potting and only water when the top two inches of soil is dry. The best way to tell if you need to water your plants is by pushing your finger into the top layer of soil. If it's still wet, wait! If it's dry, saturate the soil.
Some plants, like most ferns, require more humidity than others when grown indoors. For plants that like a higher humidity level, you can do a few things. One option is to place plants on a pebble tray, or a tray that is filled with small pebbles and a bit of water. Another is to keep a humidifier nearby. And a third option is to keep humidity-loving plants in the bathroom, where there's an almost daily source of humidity from shower steam.
Feeding or Fertilizing
Again, plant needs will vary in this department, so always follow care instructions. Generally, fertilizing monthly with a water-soluble house plant fertilizer will keep most plants happy.
Cleaning or Dusting
The biggest difference between growing plants indoors and outdoors? Dust. Use a soft cloth or gentle shower to clean your plants every week or two. This will keep plants healthy by allowing the leaves to capture the sunlight they need to thrive. Plus, plant leaves just look better when they're clean.
Deadheading, Pruning, and Pinching Back
Like your outdoor plants, indoor plants also need the occasional trim. Pinch off dead or discolored leaves and flowers to keep them looking fresh. You can also prune plants to keep them smaller or to encourage new growth. Quick-growing plants tend to look bushier and more compact if you pinch them back more often.
Pests and Diseases
Spray your plant with neem oil or insecticidal soap if you run into issues with pests like aphids and spider mites. Allow the soil to dry completely between watering to avoid the common fungus gnat infestation. If gnats or flies do become an issue, try a sticky fly catcher square on a toothpick in the soil (never use these outdoors as they are unsafe for beneficial insects, pollinators, and other wildlife). Remove diseased leaves as soon as you notice them to keep any disease from spreading. If a plant is continuously being plagued with disease or pests, try repotting it into fresh soil and a clean container.