Mission Fig

Ficus carica 'Mission'

Attractive garden tree; its bold branching structure has an interesting winter appearance. Especially sweet, purplish-black fruit in summer. Well-adapted to all areas, best in hot, dry inland areas. Needs light annual pruning. Deciduous. Full sun. Moderate grower to 20 to 35 feet tall and wide. Cutting grown.
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7 - 9

Your climate might be too cold for this plant:


Full sun

Water regularly - weekly, or more often in extreme heat or containers.

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Botanical PronunciationFYE-kus KAH-ri-ka
Average Size at MaturityModerate growing; reaches 20 to 35 ft. tall and wide.
Bloom TimeInconspicuous; prized for fruit and foliage.
Design IdeasThis resilient Fig was widely used in the historic California missions. Its larger size offers dense shade and its black fruit is sweet and ornamental. Plant as a single specimen or among other fruit trees in an orchard. Bears best in hot inland areas. In harsh winter climates, figs can be enjoyed in large tubs indefinitely, if re-potted or root-pruned occasionally. Move the containers into a cellar or unheated garage after the leaves have dropped in fall, and back out when the harsh winter weather has passed. A beautiful specimen or seasonal screening plant for patios, decks and urban rooftop gardens.
Deciduous/ EvergreenDeciduous
Foliage ColorGreen
Garden StyleMediterranean, Rustic
Growth HabitSpreading
Growth RateModerate
Landscape UseContainer, Espalier, Specimen, Coastal Exposure, Urban Garden, Kitchen Garden
Light NeedsFull sun
Soil NeedsFruit Tree & Vine
Special FeatureEasy Care, Edible, Showy Fruit, Tolerates Alkaline Soil, Tolerates Poor Soils, Year-round Interest, Bird Friendly
Water NeedsModerate
Watering NeedsWater regularly - weekly, or more often in extreme heat or containers.
Key FeatureSweet Summer Fruit

Prefers enriched, well-drained soil. Water deeply, regularly in first growing season to establish root system; reduce frequency, once established. Requires less water in fall and winter, more in growing season. Shelter in colder zones; may die back and re-sprout from roots in spring. Apply fertilizer in spring. Prune lightly in late winter.

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This Plant's Growing Zones: 7 - 9

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