• Overview
    Light Needs:
    Partial to full sun
    Watering Needs:
    Water regularly - weekly, or more often in extreme heat.
    Average Landscape Size:
    Moderate growing; reaches 60 to 80 ft. tall, 20 to 30 ft. wide.
    Key Feature:
    Elegant Specimen Tree
    Conifer; prized for foliage.
  • Detail
    Botanical Pronunciation:PY-see-a or-i-en-TAY-lis
    Plant type:Conifer
    Sunset climate zones:1 - 6, 14 - 17
    Growth habit:Pyramidal
    Growth rate:Moderate
    Average landscape size:Moderate growing; reaches 60 to 80 ft. tall, 20 to 30 ft. wide.
    Foliage color:Green
    Blooms:Conifer; prized for foliage.
    Design IdeasThis is a rare dark, rich-green Spruce that is remarkably beautiful when planted in groves. As a single specimen, its purplish cones stand out like berries. Excellent choice in lawns or use columnar form to flank driveway entries or access roads. Contrast groups of dark-green Spruce with blue-tinted evergreens.
    Companion PlantsBeech (Fagus); Flowering Dogwood (Cornus); Weigela (Weigela); Variegated English Holly (Ilex aquifolium); Sedge (Carex); Shasta Daisy (Chrysanthemum)
  • Care
    Care Information
    Grows easily in moist, slightly acidic, loose, sandy or gravelly loam to fine clay soils. Water deeply, regularly during first few growing seasons to establish an extensive root system; once established, tolerates drier soils. Feed with a general purpose fertilizer before new growth begins in spring.
    Light Needs:
    <strong>Partial Sun / Partial Shade</strong>: These two terms are often used interchangeably to mean 3-6 (or 4-6) hours of sunlight each day. However, there is a difference.
<strong>Partial shade</strong> typically means the plants will appreciate a more gentle exposure such as the weaker morning or early afternoon sun, with the emphasis on providing the minimum needed shade and sheltering from intense late afternoon sun. <strong>Partial sun</strong> typically means the plants <u>need</u> some direct sun, so the emphasis is on meeting the required minimum hours of sunlight, with filtered sunlight or shade the balance of the day.
Both are best with shelter from the harshest late afternoon sun. This shade could be provided by a structure, a wall, larger plants or  tree(s).
    Partial to full sun
    Watering Needs:
    Water needs: Moderate
    Water regularly - weekly, or more often in extreme heat.
  • History & Lore
    This spruce is native to a large range that includes the Caucasus and Asia Minor. It was originally classified as Pinus orientalis by Carolus Linnaeus in the 18th century, but it soon became clear this was no pine . It was first introduced in 1839 by Elie Abel Carriere, 1816-1896, in his publication Revue Horticole in France. The genus Picea, classified by German botanist Fredrich Dietrich 1768-1850 includes about 35 species of cold resistant conifers distributed through temperate zones of North America and Europe.
    The genus was named from the Latin for pitch, a sugar rich gum extracted from spruce trees. It was brewed into beer and even used as chewing gum by Native Americans, then settlers and was a valuable commodity in ancient Europe.


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