• Overview
    Light Needs:
    Full sun
    Watering Needs:
    Water regularly to maintain wet or evenly moist soil - weekly or more.
    Average Landscape Size:
    Quickly reaches 40 to 60 ft. tall and wide; 70 ft. tall in ideal conditions.
    Key Feature:
    Attractive Textured Bark
    Blooms:
    Inconspicuous; prized for foliage and bark.
  • Detail
    Botanical Pronunciation:BET-ew-la NI-gra
    Plant type:Tree
    Deciduous/evergreen:Deciduous
    Growth habit:Pyramidal
    Growth rate:Fast
    Average landscape size:Quickly reaches 40 to 60 ft. tall and wide; 70 ft. tall in ideal conditions.
    Foliage color:Green
    Blooms:Inconspicuous; prized for foliage and bark.
    Garden styleRustic
    Companion PlantsChokeberry (Aronia); Sweet Flag (Acorus); Japanese Water Iris (Iris ensata); Sweetspire (Itea); Clethra (Clethra); Buckeye (Aesculus); Button Bush (Cephalanthus)
  • Care
    Care Information
    Thrives in deep, loamy, moist but well-drained soil amended with sand or gravel, but highly adaptable. Water deeply, regularly in first few growing seasons to establish an extensive root system; once established tolerates mild drought, but reaches maximum growth in rich, fertile, evenly moist soils. Fertilize before new growth begins in spring.
    Light Needs:
    Light needs: Full Sun
    Full sun
    Watering Needs:
    Water needs: High
    Water regularly to maintain wet or evenly moist soil - weekly or more.
  • History & Lore
    History:
    Betula nigra occupies a large eastern north-south ranges in North America - from Minnesota to Florida, where it thrives in riparian settings in rich alluvial soils.
    Lore:
    Named an Urban Tree of the Year by the Society of Municpal Arborists.